How to Code in JavaScript for Beginners

A beginner’s guide to learning how to code in JavaScript. This guide covers the basic concepts and syntax of the language.

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JavaScript is a programming language that is used by millions of developers worldwide. It is a versatile language that can be used to create web applications, mobile apps, desktop apps, and more. In this article, we will give you a basic introduction to coding in JavaScript.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a programming language that is used to make web pages interactive. It runs on your visitor’s computer and doesn’t require constant downloading and updating as a result.

JavaScript can be used to create games, applications, and more. It is one of the three core technologies used in web development (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript).

What can you do with JavaScript?

JavaScript is a programming language that can be used to make websites interactive. JavaScript can be used to create games, chatbots, and other programs that can be embedded in websites. JavaScript can also be used to make webpages more responsive to user input.

Where can you write JavaScript code?

You can write JavaScript code directly into a text editor, and then run the code by opening the file in a web browser. This approach works fine for small amounts of code, but it’s inconvenient for anything more than that.

For serious JavaScript development, you need a more sophisticated approach. The most common way to do that is to use a Integrated Development Environment (IDE). An IDE is basically a text editor with extra features designed specifically for coding. The two most popular IDEs for JavaScript are Microsoft Visual Studio Code and WebStorm.

If you’re just getting started with JavaScript, we recommend using Visual Studio Code. It’s free, it’s easy to use, and it has a lot of features that will help you as you learn to code.

Getting Started

JavaScript is a programming language that can be used to make websites and web applications more dynamic and interactive. It is widely used by web developers and is supported by all major browsers. In this article, we will show you how to code in JavaScript for beginners.

Hello, world!

One of the most popular ways to learn a programming language is by creating a “Hello, world!” program. A “Hello, world!” program is a program that outputs “Hello, world!” on a display device.

In JavaScript, the effective way to write a “Hello, world!” program is to use the alert function:

alert(“Hello, world!”);

The code above will cause an alert box to appear on the screen that says “Hello, world!”.


In JavaScript, a variable can be declared and assigned a value in one go:

var price = 5.99;

Or, it can be declared first, and then assigned a value later:

var price;
price = 5.99;

The assignment Operator (=) is used to assign values to variables. You can also use the assignment operator to reassign values to existing variables:

price = 7.99;

Data types

In JavaScript, there are 7 different data types that can be stored in variables:

– string (textual data)
– number (numeric data)
– boolean (true or false values)
– null (unknown value)
– undefined (value not assigned yet)
– object (more complex data type)
– symbol (a unique identifier for an object property)


In order to start coding in JavaScript, it is important to first understand what operators are and how they are used. Operators are simply symbols that perform specific actions on one or more operands. For example, the plus sign (+) is an operator that performs addition on two operands. In the same way, the minus sign (-) is an operator that performs subtraction on two operands.

There are various types of operators in JavaScript, which can be classified into the following categories:

Arithmetic operators: These operators are used to perform arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
Assignment operators: These operators are used to assign values to variables.
Comparison operators: These operators are used to compare two values and return a boolean value (true or false) based on the comparison.
Logical operators: These operators are used to combine multiple boolean expressions and return a single boolean value.
Bitwise operators: These operators are used to perform operations on individual bits of integer values.


JavaScript for Beginners: Loops
One of the most powerful features of any programming language is the ability to repeat a block of code using loops. In JavaScript, there are three main types of loops:
-For loops
-While loops
-Do…while loops

Each loop type has its own specific use case, but in general, they all allow you to iterate through a block of code a set number of times or until a certain condition is met. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at each loop type and how to use them.

For Loops: The Basics
A for loop is the most common type of loop in JavaScript and other programming languages. It allows you to iterate through a block of code a set number of times. The syntax for a for loop looks like this:

for (initialization; condition; increment) {
// Statements go here


In computer science, an array data structure, or simply an array, is a data structure consisting of a collection of elements (values or variables), each identified by at least one array index or key. An array is stored so that the position of each element can be computed from its index tuple by a simple mathematical formula. The simplest type of data structure is a linear array, also called one-dimensional (1D) arrays.

Arrays are often used to store databases of information in memory for fast retrieval. Arrays may be used to implement other data structures, such as heaps and hash tables. Heaps and hash tables are efficient for retrieving data that is ordered in some way, or that can be found by computing a mathematical function on the index values (such as a hashing function).

Arrays can have multiple dimensions, therefore they are also called multi-dimensional (nD) arrays. The number of dimensions is called the rank or sometimes the shape of the array. For example, rank 2 arrays are called matrices. Dimensionality is also sometimes called extent.

Advanced Topics

If you have completed the basic JavaScript tutorials and want to move on to more advanced topics, this is the page for you. In this section, we will cover some more advanced topics in JavaScript.


A function is a block of code that takes an input, processes that input, and then produces an output. Functions are written in the same language as the code that calls them. In JavaScript, functions are written using the function keyword.

A function definition looks like this:

function myFunction(input) {
// process the input
// return the result
The input to a function is called an argument. Arguments can be of any type, including numbers, strings, objects, and even other functions.

Functions can take multiple arguments:

function myFunction(argument1, argument2) {
// process the arguments
// return the result

Arguments can be given default values:
Default values are used when no value is provided for an argument. In the following example, if no value is provided for the second argument, its value will be set to 10:


An object is a collection of related data, and has special properties. To create an object, use curly braces({}).

You can store data in an object using what are called properties. Consider the following:

let coffeeShop = {
name: “The coffee shop”,
location: “Los Angeles”
coffeeShop has two properties, name and location. Each property has a name and a value. In the above example, the name property has a value of “The coffee shop”, and the location property has a value of “Los Angeles”. You can access the values in properties using dot notation. For example: // returns “The coffee shop”
coffeeShop.location // returns “Los Angeles”
You can also create an object with just one property:

let cat = {
name: “Fluffy”


A class is a code template for creating objects. Objects have member variables and have behavior associated with them. In javascript, a class can be created using a function.

function clazz(name) { = name;
var obj = new clazz(“John”);
console.log(; // John

Error handling

Error handling is an important part of coding in any language. It is how you deal with unexpected problems that occur when your code is running. In JavaScript, there are two ways to handle errors: the try/catch statement and the throw keyword.

The try/catch statement consists of two parts: the try block and the catch block. The try block contains the code that may throw an error, and the catch block contains the code that will handle that error. If an error occurs in the try block, execution will jump to the catch block. If there is no error, the catch block will not be executed.

The throw keyword allows you to create your own errors. This is useful if you want to raise an error condition in your code without using one of the pre-defined error types. To throw an error, use the throw keyword followed by an error message.


In this tutorial, we learned the basics of how to code in JavaScript. We covered how to create variables, how to use data types, how to create functions, and how to use loops. This should give you a good foundation to start coding in JavaScript.

Next steps

Now that you have a basic understanding of JavaScript syntax, you can start practicing by coding small programs. For example, you can create a program that calculates the area of a rectangle.

To write programs in JavaScript, you will need a text editor. A text editor is a type of computer program that allows you to create and edit text files. Some popular text editors for JavaScript are Sublime Text and Atom.

In addition to practicing coding, it is also important to keep up with the latest news in the JavaScript community. One way to do this is to follow industry leaders on Twitter or read articles on popular JavaScript websites such as Smashing Magazine.

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